Can AI replace Human Intelligence ?

This question pops up in every individual’s mind these days that with the advancement in Artificial intelligence will there be any scope for human intelligence in the near future. Artificial intelligence is becoming part of everyday life in various industries as automation creeps into factories, offices and homes. Already embedded in devices used by three-quarters of global customers, self-learning computers are watching the way we work, and copying the way we complete tasks.

The subject of the revolution in AI is very debatable. While some have nothing but amazing things to say about the AI revolution, there are many AI experts who have spoken openly about the kind of negative impact that AI can have on society and asked researchers to investigate the social effects of artificial intelligence.

AI Takeover

AI technology is used today to conduct activities ranging from trivial to colossal. AI has some truly impressive applications in different fields of human life, whether it is developing mobile photography with AI cameras or financial asset management.

Source: Urgent Communications

But as AI implementations grow, more and more individuals are beginning to wonder whether the value of human abilities and experiences in various tasks will be erased. What happens to a seasoned photographer’s abilities and experiences when all the person holding an improved AI camera must do is point and click on the camera? What happens to an experienced stockbroker’s skills and intuitions when AI is qualified to forecast stocks and help individuals make decisions based on that?

Some may say that AI only allows users to enjoy the advantages of getting years of experience without trying to obtain the experience for years. But what happens to basic human principles when the mechanism of acquiring knowledge is eliminated and nothing stands between the user and achieving the best results?

If you hold all these problems in mind, so the whole idea of “AI can replace human beings” does not seem so ludicrous. However, we really must get to the bottom of the visibly positive and negative effects of AI on society to confirm, or deny, the idea.

AI Automation

All has its positive and detrimental consequences, so much is apparent. Not an exception is Artificial Intelligence. AI automation’s results vary from highly positive to seriously poor. And before making any assumptions about the long-term effect of AI in society, these effects need to be observed and analyzed closely.

Positives of AI Automation

The optimistic sides of AI have many dimensions, from accelerating mundane activities to strengthening the inner workings of larger industries. For many industries, the analytical and predictive ability of AI has proved to be an asset. The accuracy of the predictive ability of AI technology influences many sectors in a positive way, whether it is forecasting the weather or the stock market. Not only is data mining and forecasting based on that, but AI is often used for more risky tasks.

The next positive is undoubtedly the progress in the medical industry’s diagnostic and monitoring procedures. Today, physicians are better prepared to diagnose a patient and track their condition through wearable integration, which contributes to better and precise care. The AI effect not only improves medical procedures, but also drastically reduces the cost of medical treatment worldwide.        

Source: American Hospital Association

Thanks to the rise in the growth of smart home automation, AI has also reached our homes and made it a smarter household. When it comes to reducing power consumption and managing a household’s carbon footprints, the AI based smart home systems, also referred to as the “Phantom Load” or “Vampire energy,” work wonders. The AI based facial recognition systems also allow the authorities to deal in an advanced way with criminals. There are many, many other uses of Artificial Intelligence that are positive. But in short, we can certainly say that not only do the positive sides of AI cover various sectors, but also impact everyone’s individual lives linked to those sectors.

Negatives of AI Automation

The advent of AI automation has brought about a serious change in the current human lifestyle. The activities that once required manual labour can be completed without a finger having to live today. This means that consumers today have more free time and they are searching for new experiences to fill that gap. This quest for new experiences, however, is simpler for some individuals than others, with some significant social and psychological effects on society.

The incident involving a racist medical AI scheme putting millions of lives in danger will be one of the most glaring examples of AI’s negative effects. Via knowledge sets used to train      the AI system, human society’s racial prejudice penetrated the AI. Because of not getting good enough care, this culminated in millions of black people suffering from their disease.

Besides these, there are far more sinister impacts, such as social media manipulation, that is changing our point of view, the lack of privacy and security as is evident from China’s social credit system, etc. The main problem with all these negative effects of AI is that we don’t even think about these effects until they are right in front of us. The negative effects of AI seem superficial when really it is working on a deeper level, changing the fabric of society as we know it.

Difference between AI and Humans

If we are to eventually address the issue of whether human beings are to be replaced by AI  systems, we will need to recognise that there are fundamental differences between the human psyche and an Artificial Intelligence system.

While both work with cognitive functions such as problem-solving, memorizing, planning, reasoning, and perception gathering, a human mind is far more capable of performing these simple tasks. The human brain is able to integrate their emotional intelligence, self-awareness, and human experience into these tasks and give it a flare that is unique to every individual. The AI system, on the other hand, is still not developed enough to learn on its own. It still needs to be trained using data sets by human beings so that they can perform different tasks.

Source: CIO.com

AI is an invention of the human imagination at the end of the day. Thanks to human creativity, the full automation of different tasks today is feasible. While the question remains whether or not we are going to be substituted by AI, we can rest assured that the AI system is not at all close to achieving the kind of technological sophistication to take over the human race for the time being.

Conclusion

In different industries, there may not be any definitive response to the issue of AI replacing human beings. Predictions and observations are what we only have. And here are the top     three findings we can consider when asking about the AI takeover—

  • In many occupations and sectors, AI can substitute human beings and that much is unavoidable. In the future, many jobs that require manual labour would be automated. However, this is not the first stage of AI domination. When machines were popular, something similar occurred, but we are not yet their slaves. (despite our obsession with smartphones and computers)
  • With enough oversight and restriction, we can be prepared if an AI takeover ever comes into action. Even now, in the AI industry, proper regulatory laws need to be in place, including laws on how AI is trained, used and how it impacts users.

Before the negative impact of it becomes too much, the rapid expansion of AI technology requires continuous control and observation. AI takeover will only be limited to the entertaining plots of dystopian movies and fictional worlds, with proper laws guarding the users.

References:

https://eandt.theiet.org/content/articles/2020/08/ai-won-t-replace-humans-just-like-computers-didn-t/

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